4.7 Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) 

Computer Integrated Manufacturing is defined by ISO/ANSI (1994:5) as
"...the joint application of human and business knowledge and capabilities with information and manufacturing technology; to increase the productivity and responsiveness of manufacturing enterprises, whereby all human, functional, informational, and organizational aspects of an enterprise are parts of an integrated whole."
Enterprise modeling is a significant element in any CIM effort and Rolstadås (1994:1) even claims enterprise modeling to be a prerequisite for successful CIM. Looking at the definition, there is a close match with the idea of enterprise modeling as a means to consider the enterprise as an integrated whole.

The purposes of enterprise modeling in the CIM area include human understanding of the processes, computer-assisted analysis through simulation, and ultimately controlling the manufacturing process by use of enterprise models (Kosanke, 1992:180). Hence, purposes from all three categories of enterprise modeling are found.

Type of work within the CIM community concerns manufacturing, i.e., work dominated by replication risk. Models have to represent both information and matter.

A discipline closely related to CIM is process systems engineering (PSE), focussing on construction and operation of chemical processing plants. PSE exhibits many of the same qualities as CIM, and enterprise modeling is of equal interest to the PSE community (Lindheim et al., 1996).