Tema is not tool-oriented in the sense that sophisticated software is required to use the approach. Hence, the purpose of the current section is to illustrate that there are off-the-shelf solutions available that meet the tool requirements of Tema.
The discussion is divided in two: Basic Intranet infrastructure comprising the communication services of Tema, and stand-alone tools supporting individual tasks.
Netscape SuiteSpot includes server software for a host of different services. The ones most interesting to Tema are a mail server for handling email, a news server for administration of discussion groups, and a Web server (the Enterprise server) for managing Web services.
Netscape Navigator is the client software developed to take full advantage of the server software, although running clients and server from different vendors would not impose problems for the limited functionality required by Tema. The Netscape Navigator 3.0 edition integrates client software for email, news and Web, being able to access all types of information directly within the same interface.
In addition, the Navigator architecture offers a number of plug-ins, offering extended functionality according to a host of proprietary document formats (Netscape, 1997c). Exploiting these may provide the exposed enterprise models with extended functionality as compared to standard HTML (e.g., added animation, sound, video).
The Navigator also offers editor functionality, making it a candidate for development and publishing of Web documents (in the development phase). Editors for inline plug-ins are available from third-party vendors (ibid.).
Enterprise models can be drawn using ordinary drawing tools like the ABC Flowcharter (MicroGrafx, 1997), depending on the preferred modeling language. Characterizations, explanations, narratives, metaphors, and lists of categories and concepts are most easily created using an ordinary word processor like Microsoft Word for Windows (Microsoft, 1997b). Dependency diagrams can be created using ABC Flowcharter. Boland et al. (1993) have also developed a dedicated tool called Spider for this purpose. QFD matrices can be formatted using QFD/Capture from ITI (ITI, 1993).
For presentations in the dissemination phase, Microsoft Powerpoint (Microsoft, 1997c) is an alternative, either for creating foils or for direct use in the presentation. Powerpoint presentations can also be incorporated directly into a Web document (if using a Netscape Navigator plug-in).
However, these products are not integrated. But that is neither the
problem. The problem is to create the contents, not the layout. When creating
the versions intended for dissemination, competence in HTML is required.
Hence, this is best left to personnel with expertise in design of Web documents
(recalling that utilization of the digital medium requires a mode of writing
that differs from writing for paper, assertion 24).
|The drawing of physical infrastructure in the North Sea used in TEK-S (M4) was originally sketched by an actor with a good general knowledge of gas business. However, final layout and drawing was performed by a skilled illustrator using sophisticated software. Hence, the representation and manifestation acts of modeling were divided between an actor with domain knowledge and an actor with manifestation competence.|